Questions and Answers from Third Party Copyright and Fair dealing session

Here is a summary of the Q&As from the ‘Third Party Copyright and Fair dealing’ session last week. Thanks to Lorna for providing the detail.

Q: What do I need to do about copyright when I finish my PhD and wish to publish a commercial book?

A: The publisher would be proactive in clearing material in copyright, and would seek permissions before publishing. They are typically risk-averse.

Q: What about if I wish to self-publish?

A: Then you would be responsible for seeking the necessary permissions and bearing any risk.

Q: How do I know whether or not I can put my published wok into a repository e.g. on ResearchGate?

A: You can use SHERPA/Romeo  to check the policy of each publisher/journal title.

Q: Can copyright ownership be passed on to another person, e.g. an executor?

A: Yes, copyright is a property right, and so it can be passed on or bequeathed like other possessions.

Q: I have taken photos of patients in my research. Are there any copyright implications when using these?

A: No, you own the copyright. You would be expected to seek informed consent as part of your ethical research practice, and would need to consider privacy and data protection if they are identifiable.

Q: I have taken photos of groups of people in a public setting, but have not sought their permission as they are indistinct or just part of the scene. Is that OK?

A: Where people are incidentally included in a photograph, or are not the main focus, there are unlikely to be data protection issues.  However, to respect people’s privacy in private spaces you should generally obtain consent to take photographs first, explaining what use you will make of the photograph, or give people the opportunity to move out of the shot.  For general shots at degree ceremonies where taking photographs is the norm, this would probably not apply, but if you wished to take shots of specific individuals as the main focus, it would be good practice to obtain consent.

Q: Are textiles (e.g. ceremonial robes) protected under copyright, as a work of art?

A: Works of artistic craftsmanship are protected by copyright.  This term probably means works created with skilled craftsmanship, with aesthetic appeal and where artistic form is more important than functional considerations.  Machine made items would probably not fall into this category.  So ceremonial dress probably wouldn’t be covered, textiles and the mace would depend on the item and how much artistic merit they have.

Q: What happens if you reach a dead end when trying to find the copyright holder to seek permission?

A: You would need to take a ‘risk-based’ approach, and weigh up the likelihood of the copyright holder seeking redress, perhaps financially.


‘Third party copyright and fair dealing’ recording now available

Copyright symbol

For those of you who missed this excellent session by Lorna Pimperton yesterday, you can watch a recording of the session and hear some of the questions raised by participants. We haven’t including the extended discussion at the end, but we’re preparing a summary of the questions, responses and any additional guidance to share with you soon.

For a look back at previous sessions, you can click on the ‘Sessions‘ category on this blog, or go straight to the Research bites folder on Panopto.

Social media for researchers: ResearchGate and recording available

Thank you to everyone who came to last week’s session Social media for researchers: ResearchGate and There was a lot of discussion in the session, so if you missed it, take a look at the recording. If you have any experience of using these social networks, please add your comments.

Research Bites sessions in September 2014

Join us for an informal 20 minute session. Bring your lunch, and a friend.

Just turn up, no need to book.

Filing a patent on your invention and commercialising it
Thursday 4th September, 12.00. Fylde C48
Expert advice on filing a patent from the University’s Research Enterprise Service.
Gavin Smith, Intellectual Property Officer.

Non-patent Intellectual Property
Friday 12th September, 12.00. Fylde C48
Expert advice on intellectual property from the University’s Research Enterprise Service.
Gavin Smith, Intellectual Property Officer.

Beyond the Impact Factor: Altmetrics
Friday 19th September, 12.00. Fylde C48
A look at altmetrics and their growing significance to researchers
Hardy Schwamm, Research Data and Repository Manager

Your identity as a researcher – ORCID
Friday 26th September, 12.00. Fylde C48
Find out what ORCID is, and how it can help you to distinguish your work from someone else’s.
Tanya Williamson, Assistant Librarian.

Twitter questions

During today’s ‘Social media for researchers – Twitter’ session we had a number of Twitter-specific questions. Thanks to Louise for summarising:

Is @ a way of sending a direct message and does this appear on the receiver’s timeline? It’s a message targeted at them, and will only appear on the receiver’s timeline if they decide to retweet it. Otherwise they’ll just receive a notification. However, if you click ‘reply’ then your tweet will appear under theirs as a ‘conversation’.

If you unfollow someone do they receive a notification? No, they don’t, but they can see if their follower numbers are down and look through them!

You mentioned the necessity to stay connected, how often should you tweet? Build what you think is appropriate into your week, maybe once or twice a week to start with. Too many tweets may make people unfollow you, and perhaps make what you say more trivial. Think of the time of day that you tweet – if it’s first thing in the morning then America won’t have woken up! It depends on the audience you attract.

How would it measure impact? Altmetrics look at what’s being viewed, discussed, saved and cited rather, and include social media such as Twitter. We’re planning a Research Bites session in September on Altmetrics.

Does Twitter suggest people you can follow? Yes on your profile page, and it may also do this by email.

Can I set up my Android phone to be alerted when you’re tweeted? You can download an app for Twitter and can then choose to receive notifications when someone interacts with you.

How can I add a picture? When writing a tweet you have the option to add a picture, but this does count as part of your 140 characters. Pictures tend to enhance your tweet’s ‘click-rate’.

What does ‘favouriting’ do? It sends the tweeter a notification to say that someone likes their tweet, and may open up channels of communication – you can choose to follow them. Also you can view all of the tweets you have ‘favourited’ (from your profile), so you could use favourites like bookmarks.

‘Do you need to submit an electronic thesis?’ recording now available

Thank you to Louise Tripp for delivering the session on eTheses at Lancaster earlier in July. If you missed it, you can now view a recording of the session.

You may wish to look back at earlier posts to see answers to some of the questions raised during the session.